Kein englischer Detektiv würde sich so offenherzig zur Selbstjustiz bekennen wie Philo Vance, und all sein elegantes Auftreten täuscht in manchen Szenen der. 4. Juni Neben dem berühmten Detektiv spielt dabei auch die Kunst der ärztlichen wiederum steckte ein seinerzeit bekannter englischer Hautarzt. Sie sind doch nur ein englischer Detektiv, bis hierher reicht Ihre Macht nicht!«» Pardon – seitdem ich Champion-Detektiv der englischen Königin bin, betrete ich .
We think the criminal is also the bank robber. But Jo Santoro is in prison. So who is the criminal? The victim is a man. The robber took his TV.
He is the victim of a robbery. His new TV is missing. He is at home. He orders a pizza. Then he is very tired and goes to sleep.
The next day his TV is missing. I think it is the same robber! There is no witness — nobody saw what happened. So there is no witness to this crime.
There is a witness in the first crime! But the witness is not a person. It is a security camera. The man has got a tattoo.
So the criminal has got a tattoo. Here are my notes: The clues are the security camera video, the pizza and … the tattoo Who has got a tattoo like this?
Then there is the manager Signore Malfisi. He has got a tattoo! Can I talk to you, please? But he runs down the street. The police follow him.
They catch him and put handcuffs on his hands. I have got an idea…. Then I can put on his uniform and go into the bank. A security guard can go into the bank.
Then I turn off the camera and nobody will see me. So I can rob the bank. The police will think the security guard is the bank robber.
Hence, you see, my double deduction that you had been out in vile weather, and that you had a particularly malignant boot-slitting specimen of the London slavey.
Watson compares Holmes to C. Alluding to an episode in " The Murders in the Rue Morgue ", where Dupin determines what his friend is thinking despite their having walked together in silence for a quarter of an hour, Holmes remarks: He observes the dress and attitude of his clients and suspects, noting skin marks such as tattoos , contamination such as ink stains or clay on boots , emotional state, and physical condition in order to deduce their origins and recent history.
Holmes does employ deductive reasoning as well. Though Holmes is famed for his reasoning capabilities, his investigative technique relies heavily on the acquisition of hard evidence.
Because of the small scale of much of his evidence, the detective often uses a magnifying glass at the scene and an optical microscope at his Baker Street lodgings.
Ballistics feature in "The Adventure of the Empty House" when spent bullets are recovered and matched with a suspected murder weapon. Holmes displays a strong aptitude for acting and disguise.
In the latter story, Watson says, "The stage lost a fine actor As a gentleman, Holmes often carries a stick or cane. He is described by Watson as an expert at singlestick and uses his cane twice as a weapon.
The detective is described or demonstrated as possessing above-average physical strength. Roylott demonstrates his strength by bending a fire poker in half.
Holmes is an adept bare-knuckle fighter; "The Adventure of the Gloria Scott " mentions that Holmes trained as a boxer.
You might have aimed high if you had joined the fancy. The detective occasionally engages in hand-to-hand combat with his adversaries in "The Adventure of the Solitary Cyclist" and " The Adventure of the Naval Treaty ".
Although Holmes is not the original fictional detective, his name has become synonymous with the role. The phrase " Elementary, my dear Watson " has become one of the most quoted and iconic aspects of the character.
William Gillette is widely considered to have originated the phrase with the formulation, "Oh, this is elementary, my dear fellow", allegedly in his play Sherlock Holmes.
It also appears at the end of the film The Return of Sherlock Holmes , the first Holmes sound film. The Sherlockian game also known as the Holmesian game, the Great Game, or simply the Game attempts to resolve anomalies and clarify details about Holmes and Watson from the canon.
Ronald Knox is credited with inventing the Game. The chronology of the stories is notoriously difficult, with many stories lacking dates and many others containing contradictory ones.
She instead argues that details in "The Adventure of the Gloria Scott " a story with no precise internal date indicate that Holmes finished his second and final year of university in or If he began university at age 17, his birth year could be as late as Klinger has suggested that Holmes exhibits signs of bipolar disorder , with intense enthusiasm followed by indolent self-absorption.
Both are still active, although the Sherlock Holmes Society was dissolved in and revived in The London society is one of many worldwide who arrange visits to the scenes of Holmes adventures, such as the Reichenbach Falls in the Swiss Alps.
The two societies founded in were followed by many more, first in the U. There are at least societies worldwide, including Australia, Canada The Bootmakers of Toronto , India, and Japan whose society has 80, members.
In , the Sherlock Holmes Museum opened on Baker Street in London, followed the next year by a museum in Meiringen near the Reichenbach Falls dedicated to the detective.
The London Metropolitan Railway named one of its 20 electric locomotives deployed in the s for Sherlock Holmes. He was the only fictional character so honoured, along with eminent Britons such as Lord Byron , Benjamin Disraeli , and Florence Nightingale.
A number of London streets are associated with Holmes. In , the Royal Society of Chemistry bestowed an honorary fellowship on Holmes for his use of forensic science and analytical chemistry in popular literature, making him as of the only fictional character thus honoured.
The popularity of Sherlock Holmes has meant that many writers other than Arthur Conan Doyle have created tales of the detective in a wide variety of different media, with varying degrees of fidelity to the original characters, stories, and setting.
According to The Alternative Sherlock Holmes: A common pastiche approach is to create a new story fully detailing an otherwise-passing canonical reference such as an aside by Conan Doyle mentioning the " giant rat of Sumatra , a story for which the world is not yet prepared" in " The Adventure of the Sussex Vampire ".
Other adaptations have seen the character taken in radically different directions or placed in different times or even universes. For example, Holmes falls in love and marries in Laurie R.
It was made into a film of the same name in and popularised the pastiche-writing trend of incorporating clearly identified and contemporaneous historical figures such as Oscar Wilde , Aleister Crowley , or Jack the Ripper into tales featuring Holmes, something Conan Doyle himself never did.
The author wrote other material, especially plays, featuring Holmes. Much of it appears in Sherlock Holmes: Milne , and P.
Wodehouse have all written Sherlock Holmes pastiches. Some authors have written tales centred on characters from the canon other than Holmes.
Trow has written a series of seventeen books using Inspector Lestrade as the central character, beginning with The Adventures of Inspector Lestrade in Martin Davies has written three novels where Baker Street housekeeper Mrs.
Hudson is the protagonist. Mycroft Holmes has been the subject of several efforts: Enter the Lion by Michael P.
Hodel and Sean M. Anthologies edited by Michael Kurland and George Mann are entirely devoted to stories told from the perspective of characters other than Holmes and Watson.
Her Holmes, semi-retired in Sussex, is stumbled upon by a teenaged American girl. Recognising a kindred spirit, he trains her as his apprentice and subsequently marries her.
The Final Solution , a novella by Michael Chabon , concerns an unnamed but long-retired detective interested in beekeeping who tackles the case of a missing parrot belonging to a Jewish refugee boy.
There have been a host of scholarly works dealing with Sherlock Holmes, some working within the bounds of the Great Game, and some written with the understanding that Holmes is a fictional character.
In particular, there have been three major annotated editions of the complete series. Owen Dudley Edwards , a nine-volume set written in a straight scholarly manner.
Guinness World Records has listed Holmes as the "most portrayed movie character",  with more than 70 actors playing the part in over films.
His first screen appearance was in the Mutoscope film, Sherlock Holmes Baffled. In addition to its popularity, the play is significant because it, rather than the original stories, introduced one of the key visual qualities commonly associated with Holmes today: In his lifetime, Gillette performed as Holmes some 1, times.
In the early s, H. Saintsbury took over the role from Gillette for a tour of the play. While the Fox films were period pieces, the Universal films abandoned Victorian Britain and moved to a then-contemporary setting in which Holmes occasionally battled Nazis.
The series was co-directed by Hayao Miyazaki. Between and , Soviet television produced a series of five television films, The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes and Dr.
Watson was played by David Burke in the first two series and Edward Hardwicke in the remainder. A Game of Shadows. In May a release date of 25 December was set for the third film in the series.
The film Mr. Holmes starred Ian McKellen as a retired Sherlock Holmes living in Sussex, in , who grapples with an unsolved case involving a beautiful woman.
Holmes has also appeared in video games, including the Sherlock Holmes series of eight main titles. According to the publisher, Frogwares , the series has sold over seven million copies.
On 14 February , Leslie S. Klinger lawyer and editor of The New Annotated Sherlock Holmes filed a declaratory judgement suit against the Conan Doyle estate in the Northern District of Illinois asking the court to acknowledge that the characters of Holmes and Watson were public domain in the U.
This final step resulted in the characters from the Holmes stories, along with all but nine of the stories themselves those present in The Case-Book other than "The Adventure of the Mazarin Stone", "The Problem of Thor Bridge", and "The Adventure of the Creeping Man" , being in the public domain in the U.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Sherlock Holmes disambiguation. Sherlock Holmes in a illustration by Sidney Paget.
Sherlock Holmes Museum, London. List of authors of new Sherlock Holmes stories. Adaptations of Sherlock Holmes.
List of actors who have played Sherlock Holmes. Canon of Sherlock Holmes. Sherlock Holmes portal Novels portal Fictional characters portal Victorian era portal.
Retrieved 23 April The New York Times. Retrieved 10 March Retrieved 23 March A to Z Paperback ed. Our Gods Wear Spandex: Lancelyn Green, Richard, ed.
The Oxford Sherlock Holmes: The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. The Annotated Sherlock Holmes. The Arthur Conan Doyle Encyclopedia. Retrieved 10 November Retrieved 15 January The New Annotated Sherlock Holmes.
The Baker Street Journal. The Sherlock Holmes Handbook. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine. Retrieved 13 March Model for Sherlock Holmes.
Retrieved 17 October The Complete Sherlock Holmes, Volume 2. She had a love affair romance with the king of Bohemia. A Study in Scarlet being the exception].
He has however accepted several honors during his lifetime. A received a Legion of Honor decoration from the French Government for capturing an assassin.
From Queen Victoria he declined a knighthood but accepted an emerald tiepin. From the Hereditory King of Bohemia he received an antique gold snuffbox.
From the royal family of the Netherlands he received an expensive ring. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved from " https: All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from April Articles with unsourced statements from April Articles with unsourced statements from May Views Read Change Change source View history.